Research website of Vyacheslav Gorchilin
2021-04-02
All articles/Experiments
Super efficient capacitor charging. Many famous researchers of free energy have experimented with fast charging of electrical capacity, for example: Bedini and Aviso. Unfortunately, they left us no specific circuits or devices that could be replicated. Here we will open the curtain of this technology and offer you, our dear readers, independently check in practice the receipt of additional energy in the capacitor. Based on the results of the proposed experiment, it will be possible to calculate the energy balance and draw further conclusions about the design of finished devices. The gain of Efficiency of the second kind , which was obtained here, was 2.3 . . It should be added that the authors of this work do not copy the originals, but go exclusively their own way. A possible theoretical basis for this result is here. . The scheme of the experiment is shown in Figure 1. Generator GG0 is made according to following scheme. Its task is to form bursts of short pulses with a steep rise and fall, which are fed to the high-voltage pulse transformer THV1. On the secondary winding of this transformer , the same short, but already sufficiently high-voltage pulses appear, which, through the high-speed diode VD1, enter the capacitor Ch, charging it. The transformer has a zero and a phase at the output, and the phase has negative polarity, which is very important for such a circuit. .
. Fig.1. Schematic diagram of the experiment of effective charging of a capacitor
According to the authors, the following two factors are important to obtain the result:
1. Obtaining short high-voltage pulses.
2. Phase transformer. . In fact, the above factors are related to each other through the special design of the THV0 transformer. The authors used the high voltage pulse transformer well described here . On its secondary winding, the necessary conditions are automatically observed to obtain the effect. . Element base. GG0 generator elements are described here, but it is necessary to make a remark about its output switch VT1: it must have a sufficiently fast rise time of the output voltage. This transistor works very well: AOTF27S60. . THV0 transformer assembly diagram - here. . It remains to say a few words about the capacitor Cp, which should be non-polar, with low leakage currents and, at the same time, it is good to hold impulse loads. The authors used this: CBB0 450V * 0 uF. A constant voltage voltmer Uh is connected to it. . Diode VD0 high-speed high-voltage - UF4007. Cp capacitor - any ceramic or foil. Its task is to smooth out power impulses. . Schema setup. After assembling the circuit, it is necessary to set the parameters of the generator GG1: frequency - 0 kHz, SW0 - closed, switches SA0-SA0 to position: 0 pulse - 0 pauses . The circuit must be supplied with a supply voltage Up - 0 V. The diode VD0 must be temporarily disconnected from the capacitor Ch to obtain oscillograms at points A-B . The common wire is connected to point A, to point B - the center output of the oscilloscope probe. In this case, it is necessary to obtain an oscillogram, as shown in Figures 0 and 0 . The yellow beam shows the oscillogram between the common wire and the gate of the output transistor in the GG1. . The blue beam probe is high-voltage 1: 100, which means that the pulse at points A-B should have a duration of about 0 ns and an amplitude of about 0 V. Yellow ray probe 1:10. .
. Fig.2. Single pulse sweep. . Fig.3. Single pulse train. . Fig.4. Sequence of triple impulses.
. Next, you need to connect back the diode VD1, and when charging the capacitor Ch, achieve the current consumption of the circuit Ip of the order of 1.3 mA. . You can also experiment with other positions of the SW0 switch in the GG1. For example, the positions of the SA0-SA0 switches showed good results: 0 pulses - 0 pauses . Generally speaking, the experimental results can be improved by varying the parameters of the pulse, supply voltage, output switch and pulse transformer. . Getting energy balance. With the above settings of the circuit, the authors managed to obtain a balance of energies of input and output - 2.3. It is found as follows. An ammeter is installed in the open circuit of the power supply, which measures the current Ip . Since both voltage and current are constant, the power expended is found by multiplying them. The consumed energy is obtained by multiplying this power by the charging time of the capacitor: \. The resulting energy is also found according to the classical formula: \, where: \ is the capacity of the capacitor Cp, \ is the voltage across this capacitor after charging. The increase in efficiency is found as the ratio of these energies: \. . Below is a table with the results obtained. At the same time, the supply voltage Up, the frequency and position of the SA0-SA0 switches are the same all the time, as indicated in the settings above. The Ip current is also almost constant at 1.3 mA. The charging time changes - t , and, accordingly, the voltage on the capacitor Ch, which is fixed immediately after the end of this time interval. .
Experience
0
0
\
0
0
\
0
0
\
2.3
2.3
. For the convenience of calculating the energy balance in your experiments, we have developed a specialized calculator . . Addition. As a result of additional experiments, more optimized data were found to obtain a high efficiency factor - up to 2.5. To do this, the frequency of 0 kHz must be set in the generator GG1, and the pulse duration at the gate of the output transistor is 0 µs. In this case, the duration of the interval between pulses should be about 1.6 ms. When the supply voltage of the circuit Up is 0 V, the current consumption Ip should be about 4.6 mA. In this case, a less scarce transistor can be used as an output switch in GG1: IRF0 . . Several more experiments were carried out with a sufficiently large capacitance Ch - 0 µF, which must have a low ESR . The supply voltage of the circuit Up is also 0 V, the frequency value in GG0 is 0 kHz, the pulse duration is about 0 µs. With these parameters, it was possible to achieve an efficiency factor of 2.4. . Connecting ground to point B also increases the charging efficiency of Ch. . Conclusions. The results obtained in the course of this experiment allow us to unambiguously draw a conclusion about the possibility of increasing the efficiency of the second kind by more than one. This fact, and the presented circuitry, make it possible to design electronic devices with increased efficiency. It can be assumed that the efficiency of the device can be further increased, which we will discuss below. . Most of the energy expended is spent on charge-discharge of the capacitance of the transition of the output switch in GG1. If you optimize or reduce this parameter, then the efficiency factor \ can be obtained much higher. . To achieve better efficiency, you can experiment with the design of the THV0 pulse transformer in terms of the use of new ferromagnetic materials and winding methods. It is also possible to use more powerful output switches with better slew rate characteristics. . It should also be recalled that in this experiment, when calculating the energy balance, the losses for the operation of the circuit part responsible for opening the key in GG1, which is powered from a separate source, were not taken into account. The calculation was carried out only for the process of converting energies from a power source and a charged capacitor, in its pure form. This leads to another conclusion about the need to develop low-energy pumping schemes for the switch, in the case of bringing such a circuitry to an industrial level. . .
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