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Investigate slow magnetic waves
The results of this study are reflected in the following figure. It is depicted conventionally in the middle of the coil L2, to the left the glow of the indicators, which are located coaxially with it, and to the left of L2 is shown the illumination of the indicators, which are located perpendicular to the axis of the coil.
Распределение пучностей продольной и поперечной составляющей магнитного поля для медленных волн
Fig.4. The distribution of the loops of the longitudinal and transverse component of the MP for slow waves
Next include appropriate graphics on the left and the distribution of the longitudinal component of MP (H), on the right the distribution of the transverse component H. This is another fundamental difference between the classical distribution MP distribution on the basis of slow waves. Interestingly, in their intensity of the transverse component of the MP is not inferior longitudinal.
The attentive reader will immediately notice that the graph components H is exactly like the distribution of electric fields in a classic half-wave variant. I.e. the electric component of the field, which in this case is very small in magnitude, it is simply changed to the transverse magnetic half-wave. This interesting feature we'll use later.
The distribution of the longitudinal and transverse component MP can be both. For example, when using ferromagnetic wires it can aim for a more steep transitions, and distribution schedule — more like a rectangle than a sine wave. This is due to the parametric and magnetostriction processes in a wire. But if you coil L2 wound on a torus, then it is possible to obtain not three, but eight magnetic poles. The distribution of MP in the bifilar Tesla coil will also be slightly different.
Why do waves slow
To this question a clear answer yet. The studies show a clear wave pattern of the distribution of MP. But to make such an assumption is necessary and the speed of propagation of the wave to decrease hundreds of times, to make it orders of magnitude less than the speed of light.
One possible explanation of this behavior is the following: in a strong MP charges lose their mobility and are moving much slower, and therefore all wave processes occur with lower speeds, as if the conductor had just a huge value of dielectric permittivity. Another version — Coulomb presented by Dmitry S. (skype: dimi.dimi777). There are options associated with slow electrons, but these are not yet experimentally detected. We will be glad, dear readers, if you offer your explanation for this phenomenon.
Generators on slow waves
From this study it is logical to offer our readers a generator of electrical energy generated by one of the schemes presented in the following figure. A block diagram with the location of the coils is on the left and a schematic diagram of their connections on the right.
Генераторы электрической энергии на медленных магнитных волнах
Figure (5.1) offers 8 coils L3.1-L3.4 and L4.1-L4.4 the maxima is perpendicular to MP, and the axis perpendicular to the axis of the primary coil L2. In this case all coils are identical, and their number may be, in General, any: from 2 to 24, and more. This method is similar to the generator of Adams, but unlike him, there are no moving elements.
The generator in figure (5.2) differs by smaller number of coils, but the winding must be partitioned (partitions 1-6). Between the sections 1-2 and 5-6 coils wound in one direction, and between sections 2-3 and 4-5 in another. The axis of the winding coils L3.1-L3.2 and L4.1-L4.2 coincides with the axis L2, over which they are wound. Sections 2 and 5 must be positioned exactly in the maxima perpendicular to the MP (see figure 4).
The load connected to the XS1-XS2 should kluchevaya at a frequency higher than the frequency of the generator G1, and not to be a multiple of, otherwise the currents and back EMF in the secondary windings will prevent the change of current in L2 and we get the usual transformer.
It is clear that such schemes may not be perfect and, of course, not the only of its kind. As of their improvement, and a significant increase in efficiency can offer a method of shear loops MP or a method of mixing stress according to D. Smith. But we'll talk about that another time :)