Try to calculate what percentage of the electrons transforms its reactive energy into active in the circuit: power + incandescent lamp. For simplicity, let's imagine that we have a current permanent (for AC — will be similar calculations), the voltage on the lamp — 220 V, its power is 220 watts.

The number of electrons N involved in the process is from the known formulas:

**257 kW**! But in the proposed scheme, the light bulb gives only

**220 watts**. It turns out that such a scheme is about only 1 electron of the thousands of his converts reactive energy in active!

**, efficiency of the second kind**and note that it depends

**only on the voltage**. The physical meaning of this formula is that to increase \eta_{2} have the same number of charges is relatively cost-free to give as much greater potential difference. Or on the contrary — for the same potential difference relative to no cost you need to get as many charges. And the better we adhere to this principle, the more the internal energy of the charge we will be able to extract. Therefore, the resulting parameter can be called a utilization ratio of a substance - KIV.

The efficiency \eta_{2} can be derived for the mechanics, but since all mechanical interactions contain basically electrical in nature, the further we go the "electric way"

Familiar to us efficiency, which now we call the efficiency of the first kind, is, as the ratio of received power to spent. It is not directly related to the above, efficiency of the second kind, but still, under certain conditions, increase \eta_{2} leads to an increase \eta_{1}.

By analogy with the efficiency we can offer and classification of known types of generators. If the generator has a low \eta_{2}, \eta_{1} — up to 100%, then it is the generator of the first kind. These include almost all known electric machines: generators voltage and current, to conventional transformers. The generator of the second kind has increased the value of \eta_{2}, \eta_{1}, as a rule, more than 100%.

Generators of the second kind, in turn, are subdivided into generators with heat recovery charges, and with them the external source. For example, the so-called "eternal torch", the launch of which is carried out from a single touch of the batteries is a generator of the second kind with recuperation charges. In this device, once obtained from the battery charge circulates in a closed circuit. In each cycle only a portion of the electrons goes into active energy, the rest continue treatment. It is clear that someday the lantern will go out.

But the generator of the second kind with an external source of charges may work until the source runs out:) Such devices are described, for example, in the patents of Tesla and is a plate to collect the free atmospheric charges schemes and their subsequent conversion. Calculations show that if you can achieve great \eta_{2}, then this method can be extracted from the atmosphere of the order of 2 MW active power per square meter. Of course, you need to consider all column of the ionosphere in altitude. Here again we can recall Tesla and its high buildings in the form of towers, with an intimate capacity in the form of a torus on the top.

It is obvious that can be the generators of a mixed type. They are not all the charges received from the outside immediately transformed into active energy; part of it goes to support the work of the scheme. Contemporaries of Tesla — Kapanadze and others mainly use their devices is a mixed principle.

Remember the school experiment where the plates of the charged capacitor are bred to each other? The law of conservation of charge, in this case, the capacity decreases proportionally, and the voltage between the plates also increases proportionally. It would seem that we can get free energy because it is proportional to the square of the voltage, but mindful that pushing the plates spent the work directed against the forces of gravity.

You can go the other way and mechanically reduce the size of the plates. Since the reduction site in the transverse plane the Coulomb force does not resist, and the potential energy of the capacitor increases, then it is theoretically possible to choose the mode, when the energy from the voltage increase will be more mechanical costs.

Another way was open, apparently in the 18th century, but the property of science began relatively recently [10]. It is based on the separation of charges, making certain electron spins. This principle leads us to the simplest flowchart and device super generator (see figure).

The figure shows: E1 — power supply, CSU — block charge separation, C1 — cumulative capacity, CCU — unit conversion, Rn — resistive load. CSU is responsible for charge separation, which quickly charge the capacitor C1. This energy is converted by the unit CCU to the voltage and current required for the load Rn; it can be a transformer, a circuit breaker or a threshold device. I should add that the General case, instead of the capacitor may be applied to the battery.

It seems to us, in an ideal generator should be operated capacitive and inductive principles of conversion at the same time, and the use of electronic gas or plasma makes it possible to achieve the maximum value of \eta_{2}.

__The materials used__

- 1. Electrostatic machine
- 2. The classical electron radius
- 3. I. Misuchenko. The last mystery of God. Formula 5.3 and 5.11
- 4. Generator TS-TK. Tungus
- 5. M. D. Karasev. Some General properties of nonlinear reactive elements
- 6. New Energy News, Aug 1994: "Solid State Space-Energy Generator" by Stanislav and Konstantin Avramenko
- 7. The Russian patent: PCT/GB93/00960, May 10th, 1993 by Stanislav and Konstantin Avramenko
- 8. Donald L. Smith. The most comprehensive guide
- 9. Kasyanov G. T. electron Accelerator with closed cycle
- 10. Spintronics

© Vyacheslav Gorchilin, 2015

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